Publications and Research Reports


Working and Poor: How Economic and Policy Changes Are Affecting Low-Wage Workers, Russell Sage Foundation, 2006, Rebecca M. Blank, Sheldon H. Danziger, and Robert F. Schoeni, editors.

Understanding Poverty. Harvard University Press/Russell Sage Foundation, 2001. Sheldon H. Danziger and Robert H. Havemen, editors.

Coping With Poverty: The Social Contexts of Neighborhood, Work and Family in the African-American Community. University of Michigan Press, 2000. Sheldon Danziger and Ann Chih Lin, Editors.

Securing the Future: Investing in Children from Birth to College. Russell Sage Foundation, 2000. Sheldon Danziger and Jane Waldfogel, editors.

Detroit Divided. Russell Sage Foundation, 2000. Reynolds Farley, Sheldon Danziger, and Harry J. Holzer.

Economic Conditions and Welfare Reform. W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, 1999. Sheldon H. Danziger, editor.

Child Poverty, The Labor Market and the Welfare State in the Industrialized Countries. Oxford University Press, 1997. Giovanni Andrea Cornia and Sheldon Danziger.


Papers, Reports, and Journal Articles

Overview Documents

WES Work after Welfare Reform and the Well-being of Children. PDF Document Rucker C. Johnson, Ariel Kalil, and Rachel E. Dunifon. (2007-26)

WES "Lifetime and Annual Substance Use, Abuse and Dependence among Current and Former Welfare Recipients" PDF Document Robin Phinney, Kristin Seefeldt, and Sheldon Danziger, University of Michigan; Harold Pollack, University of Chicago. August 26, 2005

WES "Path to job can be rocky for many women" PDF Document Sheila Beachum Bilby, Mott Memo 4, 1, August 2005. Mott news story.

WES Failing the Transition from Welfare to Work: Women Chronically Disconnected from Work and Cash Welfare. PDF Document Lesley Turner, Sheldon Danziger and Kristin Seefeldt. September 2005.

WES "The Women's Employment Study: A Brief Review of Findings from a Panel Survey of Current and Former Welfare Recipients." PDF Document December 2004.

WES The Extent and Consequences of Attrition in the Women’s Employment Study PDF Document Brian Cadena and Andreas Pape Department of Economics University of Michigan. July 2006.


Teacher Support, School Goal Structures, and Teenage Mothers’ School Engagement PDF Document Ariel Kalil, University of Chicago; Kathleen M. Ziol-Guest, Harvard University. November 2006.

WES The Relationship between Income and Material Hardship PDF Document James X. Sullivan, University of Notre Dame; Lesley Turner, The Lewin Group; Sheldon Danziger, University of Michigan. July 3, 2006.

WES Testimony to Michigan House Appropriation Subcommittee on the Department of Human Services, Hearing on the Department of Human Services Budget for FY 2007. PDF Document
Download the Power Point presentation here PDF Document
Sandra K. Danziger. March 21, 2006.

WES Nonstandard Work Schedules, Child Care Subsidies, and Child Care Arrangements PDF Document Julia R. Henly, University of Chicago; Elizabeth O. Ananat, MIT; Sandra K. Danziger, University of Michigan. March 21, 2006.


WES Failing the Transition from Welfare to Work: Women Chronically Disconnected from Work and Cash Welfare. PDF Document Lesley Turner, Sheldon Danziger and Kristin Seefeldt. September 2005.

WES Maternal Working Conditions and Child Well-Being in Welfare-leaving Families. PDF Document Rachel Dunifon, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University; Ariel Kalil, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago; Ashish Bajracharya, Department of Policy Analysis and Management, Cornell University. April, 2005.

WES The Health of Poor Women Under Welfare Reform. [Abstract] [Full article - Subscription or purchase] Kaplan, K. Siefert, N. Ranjit, T. Raghunathan, E. Young, D. Tran, S. Danziger, S. Hudson, J. Lynch, & R. Tolman. July 2005. American Journal of Public Health

WES Wage & Job Dynamics After Welfare Reform: The Importance of Job Skills. PDF Document Rucker C. Johnson. University of California-Berkeley, Goldman School of Public Policy. February 2003. Revised August 2005.


From the Welfare Rolls to the Low-Wage Labor Market. Sheldon Danziger and Rucker C. Johnson. December, 2004. Revision: The Milken Institute Review, 2005: Vol.7/1. PDF Document

Patterns of Father Involvement in Teenage-Mother Families: Predictors and Links to Mothers’ Psychological Adjustment. PDF Document Ariel Kalil and Kathleen M. Ziol-Guest. University of Chicago Rebekah Levine Coley Boston College October 14, 2004

WES Food Insufficiency and Women's Health: Findings from a Longitudinal Study of Welfare Recipients. Siefert, Kristine, Colleen M. Heflin, Mary E. Corcoran, David R. Williams. (Forthcoming June 2004) Journal of Health and Social Behavior.

WES Obesity as a Barrier to the Transition from Welfare to Work. PDF Document John Cawley and Sheldon Danziger. May 2004.

WES Does it Pay to Move from Welfare to Work? PDF Document Comment by Robert Moffitt and Katie Winder, April 2004. Reply by Sheldon H. Danziger and Hui-Chen Wang, PDF Document April 2004.
Read the original paper PDF Document

WES Childcare Subsidies and the Transition from Welfare to Work. PDF Document Sandra K. Danziger, Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat, and Kimberly G. Browning.
Forthcoming in Family Relations. March 2004 Volume 52, No. 2.

WES Temporary Employment and Welfare-to-Work. PDF Document Mary Corcoran and Juan Chen. February, 2004.

WES Child Care as a Barrier to Employment. PDF Document Elizabeth Oltmans Ananat and Robin Phinney. January 2004.

WES Watching the Clock Tick: Factors Associated with TANF Accumulation. K.S. Seefeldt and S.M. Orzol. 2004. (Under Review)

WES Exit routes from welfare: Examining psycho-social demographic, and human capital characteristics. PDF Document Colleen Heflin. (Under review at the Journal of Poverty).

WES Work Trajectories, Income Trajectories, and Food Insufficiency in the Welfare Population. PDF Document Mary E. Corcoran, Kristine Siefert, and Colleen M. Heflin. (Under review).


WES Long Term Employment of African-American and White Welfare Recipients and the Role of Persistent Health and Mental Health Problems PDF Document . Mary Corcoran, Sandra Danziger, Richard Tolman, December 2003. In "Women in Health," Volume 39 #4.

WES The Road to Economic Self-Sufficiency: Job Quality & Job Transition Patterns After Welfare Reform. PDF Document Rucker Johnson & Mary Corcoran. Revised April 2003. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management . Autumn 2003 Volume 22, Number 4.

WES Maternal Welfare and Work Combinations and Adolescents' School Progress. PDF Document Rachel E. Dunifon & Ariel Kalil. May 2003

WES The Contribution of Social Support to the Economic Status and Daily Coping of Former and Current Welfare Recipients. PDF Document Julia R. Henly, Sandra K. Danziger, Shira Offer. March 2003. Revised and published Journal of Marriage and the Family, 67, 1, February, 2005.

Landing a Job in Urban Space: The Extent & Effects of Spatial Mismatch. PDF Document Rucker C. Johnson. Robert Wood Johnson Postdoctoral Research Fellow. February 2003

WES Welfare reform: Effects of TANF on family wellbeing." S. K. Danziger and A. Kalil. 2003. In F. Jacobs, D. Wertleib, & R. Lerner (EDs.), Handbook of Applied Developmental Science: Promoting positive child, adolescent, and family development through research, policies, and programs. Volume 2: Enhancing the life chances of youth and families (pp. 395-420). Thousand Oaks , CA : Sage Publications.

WES Barriers to Work among Recipients of Housing Assistance. C. Heflin and M. E. Corcoran. 2003. Cityscape 6(2):73-87

WES Domestic violence and children's behavior in low-income families. A. Kalil, R. M. Tolman, D. Rosen, G. Gruber. 2003. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 3,75-102

WES Health Insurance Coverage and Access to Care Among Former Welfare Recipients. H. A. Pollack, M. M. Davis, S. Danziger, S. Orzol. 2003. Under review at Inquiry

WES Michigan's welfare system. K.S. Seefeldt, S. Danziger, & S.K. Danziger. 2003. In C. Ballard, P.N. Courant, D.C. Drake, R.C. Fisher, & E.R. Gerber (Eds.) Michigan at the Millennium (pp.351-370). Lansing : Michigan State University Press.


Poverty and Prosperity: Prospects for Reducing Racial/Ethnic Economic Disparities in the United States. PDF Document Sheldon Danziger, Deborah Reed, Tony N. Brown. June 2002.

WES Maternal work behavior under welfare reform: How does the transition from welfare to work affect child development? PDF Document Rachel Dunifon, Ariel Kalil, and Sandra K. Danziger. May 2002.

WES "Does it Pay to Move from Welfare to Work?" PDF Document Sheldon Danziger, Colleen M. Heflin, Mary E. Corcoran, Elizabeth Oltmans, Hui-Chen Wang, University of Michigan . Revised April 2002.

Associations Between Participation in the National School Lunch Program, Food Insecurity, and Child Well-Being. PDF Document Rachel Dunifon and Lori Kowaleski-Jones. April 2002.

Designing Surveys of Welfare Populations - Report from the Workshop on Designing Surveys of Welfare Recipients PDF Document . Tina Mainieri and Sheldon Danziger. February 2002

WES Barriers to Employment and the "hard to serve": Implications for services, sanctions and time limits. PDF Document
Sandra K. Danziger and Kristin S. Seefeldt FOCUS, Vol.22, NO. 1, 2002, pp 76-81.

Welfare Reform: How Do We Measure Success?. PDF Document Lichter, D., & Jayakody, R. (2002) Annual Review of Sociology.


WES Substance Use Among Welfare Recipients: Trends and Policy Responses. PDF Document Harold A. Pollack, Sheldon Danziger, Rukmalie Jayakody, and Kristin S. Seefeldt. October 2001.

Proximity and Opportunity : How Residence and Race Affect Welfare Recipients. PDF Document Scott W. Allard, Sheldon Danziger, September 2001.

WES "Why Some Women Fail to Achieve Economic Security: Low Job Skills and Mental Health Problems are Key Barriers" PDF Document Sandra Danziger, The Forum vol. 4, 2, August 2001.

After welfare reform and an economic boom: why is child poverty still so much higher in the U.S. than in Europe ? PDF Document Sheldon Danziger. June 2001.

Drug Testing Welfare Recipients—False Positives, False Negatives, Unanticipated Opportunities. Harold Pollack, Sheldon Danziger, Rukmalie Jayakody, and Kristin Seefeldt. January 2001.

WES Does maternal employment mandated by welfare reform affect children's behavior? A. Kalil, R. Dunifon, & S.K. Danziger. 2001. In G.J. Duncan & P.L. Chase-Lansdale (Eds.) For Better or for Worse: Welfare Reform & Children's Well-Being. New York : Russell Sage Foundation.

WES Food insufficiency and the physical and mental health of low-income women. K. Siefert, C.M. Heflin , M.E. Corcoran, & D.R. Williams. 2001. Women and Health, 32, 159-177

WES Domestic violence in the lives of women receiving welfare. R.M. Tolman, & D. Rosen. 2001. Violence Against Women, 7,141-158


WES Approaching the Limit: Early National Lessons from Welfare Reform. PDF Document S. Danziger. December 2000.

WES Mental Health Problems Among Single Mothers: Implications for Work and Welfare Reform PDF Document Rukmalie Jayakody and Dawn Stauffer. December 2000.

Welfare Reform and Lone Mothers' Employment in the U.S. PDF Document Jane Waldfogel, Sandra K. Danziger, Sheldon Danziger, Kristin Seefeldt. October 2000.

Welfare Reform, Substance Use, and Mental Health PDF Document Rukmalie Jayakody, Pennsylvania State University, Sheldon Danziger, University of Michigan, Harold Pollack, University of Michigan. August 2000. Final revision January 2000.

Academic and Behavioral Outcomes Among the Children of Young Mothers. PDF Document Judith A. Levine, Harold Pollack, and Maureen E. Comfort. June 2000.

The Family Independence Specialist: Successes and Challenges. PDF Document Kristin S. Seefeldt and Jacqueline Peters. May 2000.

Inside Michigan Work First Programs. PDF Document Nathaniel Anderson and Kristin S. Seefeldt. April, 2000.

WES Barriers to the Employment of Welfare Recipients. PDF Document Sandra Danziger, Mary Corcoran, Sheldon Danziger, Colleen Heflin, Ariel Kalil, Judith Levine, Daniel Rosen, Kristin Seefeldt, Kristine Siefert and Richard Tolman, University of Michigan. Revised February 2000.

How Teen Mothers are Faring Under Welfare Reform. PDF Document Ariel Kalil, Sandra K. Danziger. February 2000.

WES Work, Income, and Material Hardship After Welfare Reform. PDF Document Sandra Danziger, Mary Corcoran, Sheldon Danziger, and Colleen M. Heflin. October 1999, revised January 2000.

WES Ending welfare through work first. S.K. PDF Document Danziger & K.S. Seefeldt. 2000. Families & Society, 18, 593-604

WES Social and environmental predictors of maternal depression in current and recent welfare recipients. K. Siefert. P.J. Bowman, C.M. Heflin, S. Danziger and D.R. Williams. 2000. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70, 510-522

WES Human Capital, Health and Mental Health of Welfare Recipients: Co-Occurrence and Correlates. PDF Document Sandra Danziger, Ariel Kalil, Nathaniel J. Anderson. 2000.


WES Welfare Reform Policy From Nixon to Clinton : What Role for Social Science? PDF Document Sheldon Danziger. Revised December 1999.

Winners and Losers: The Era of Inequality Continues. PDF Document Sheldon Danziger and Deborah Reed. Fall 1999.

What FIA Directors Have to Say About Welfare Reform: Highlights from Interviews with FIA County Directors/District Managers in Michigan. PDF Document Kristin S. Seefeldt, Sandra K. Danziger, Nathaniel Anderson. March 1999.

What Contractors Have to Say About the Work First Program: Highlights from Interviews with Work First Managers in Michigan. PDF Document Kristin S. Seefeldt, Sandra K. Danziger, Nathaniel Anderson. January 1999.


Employer Demand for Welfare Recipients and the Business Cycle: Evidence From Recent Employer Surveys. PDF Document Harry J. Holzer, Michigan State University . December 1998.

Will Employers Hire Welfare Recipients? Recent Survey Evidence from Michigan. PDF Document Harry Holzer, Michigan State University . October 1998.

Getting Jobs, Keeping Jobs, and Earning a Living Wage: Can Welfare Reform Work? PDF Document Ariel Kalil, Mary E. Corcoran, Sandra K. Danziger, Richard Tolman, Kristin S. Seefeldt, Daniel Rosen, Yunju Nam. August, 1998

Moving Toward a Vision of Family Independence: Local Managers' Views of Michigan 's Welfare Reforms. PDF Document Kristin S. Seefeldt, Jodi Sandfort, and Sandra K. Danziger. February 1998.

Social Fathering in Low-Income, African American Families with Preschool Children. PDF Document Rukmalie Jayakody and Ariel Kalil