John J.H. "Joe" Schwarz is a lecturer at the Ford School. He received his undergraduate degree in history from the University of Michigan in 1959, and his medical degree from Wayne State University in 1964. Dr. Schwarz served his residency in otolaryngology at Harvard University, finishing in 1973, and has been in private practice in Battle Creek, Michigan for 42 years. Dr. Schwarz served in Southeast Asia for five years, first with the U.S. Navy in Vietnam and as an assistant naval attaché in Indonesia. He then served with the Central Intelligence Agency in Laos and in Vietnam. Dr. Schwarz was a City Commissioner then Mayor of Battle Creek, from 1979 until 1986. He was in the Michigan Senate from 1987 until 2002, serving as President Pro Tempore of the Senate from 1993 until 2002. From 2005 to 2007 he was a Member of Congress. Dr. Schwarz was chairman of the board of directors of the Alumni Association of the University of Michigan 2005-2007, and serves on numerous boards and commissions. He was a faculty member at Harvard for one year and holds 11 honorary degrees. In 2007, Dr. Schwarz served on the panel to investigate care at Walter Reed Army Medical Center, appointed by the Secretary of Defense, on the Governor's Emergency Financial Advisory Panel, and chaired the successful 2008 state constitutional amendment proposal allowing Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research in Michigan. Dr. Schwarz is currently serving on the board of directors of Voters Not Politicians, a statewide organization working that successfully pursued ballot initiatives to end gerrymandering in Michigan's congressional and legislative districts.