In new study, Raimi finds people with strongly held beliefs tend to overestimate knowledge
Michael Hall and Katilin Raimi have co-authored a forthcoming paper in the Journal of Experimental Social Psychology: “Is belief superiority justified by superior knowledge?”
The researchers find that individuals expressing belief superiority, or believing that their own views are superior to others’ views, often overestimate their own knowledge. In fact, the authors observed that participants with the strongest belief superiority had the largest gaps between perceived and actual knowledge.
Hall and Raimi also researched whether belief-superior participants used superior strategies when seeking out new knowledge.
“We thought that if belief-superior people showed a tendency to seek out a balanced set of information, they might be able to claim that they arrived at their belief superiority through reasoned, critical thinking about both sides of the issue,” Hall explains.
Yet, the researchers found belief-superior people were significantly more likely to read news articles that supported their own point of view, and readily admitted the bias when asked follow-up questions. In short, people who strongly believed their views were superior were most likely to distance themselves from information that challenged those views.
“Having your beliefs validated feels good, whereas having your beliefs challenged creates discomfort,” Raimi notes. “[T]his discomfort generally increases when your beliefs are strongly held and important to you.”
Read more about the study:
- "Superiority complex? People who claim superior beliefs exaggerate their own knowledge," by Jared Wadley (Michigan News press release)
- "Science says know-it-all people only exaggerate their 'superior' political knowledge," by Athena Yenko (Tech Times)