Charles R. Shipan is the J. Ira and Nicki Harris Professor of Social Sciences. Prior to joining the faculty at Michigan, Shipan served on the faculty at the University of Iowa, and he has also held visiting positions at the Brookings Institution, Trinity College (Dublin), the United States Studies Centre at the University of Sydney, the London School of Economics, and Australian National University. He is the author of Designing Judicial Review, co-author of Deliberate Discretion?, and has written numerous articles and book chapters on political institutions and public policy. He is currently engaged in a comparative study of antismoking laws in the U.S. and Switzerland, an assessment of the president's ability to change policy, and an examination of the effects of bipartisanship on public policy. Shipan received a BA in chemistry from Carleton College and an MA and PhD in political science from Stanford University.